Numenius of Apamea
Numenius of Apamea was a Greek philosopher who (along with Maximus of Tyre
) was chiefly responsible for the transition from Platonist idealism to a Neoplatonic synthesis of Hellenistic, Persian, and Jewish intellectual systems during the late second century. Many of his sayings were recorded by Amelius
. He came to believe that matter and God were inherently separate and as a result taught a strict dualism in which a demigod, or Demiurge
, was responsible for creation.