Ludwig Börne, 1786 - 1837

Ludwig Börne was a German journalist of Jewish origin and, with Heinrich Heine, was an initiator and leader of the revolutionary Young Germany movement in German literature.  He held office in Frankfurt until, after the fall of Napoleon, racial discrimination once again became prevalent.  He bitterly attacked German despotism and upheld the rights of the individual in his writings, such as Briefe aus Paris [Letters from Paris] (1830 - 1833).